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Updated April 2023
Eid al-Fitr is a special occasion for Muslims, as it marks the end of a month-long period of devotion and spiritual reflection known as Ramadan. During this time, Muslims engage in various acts of worship, including fasting, prayers, charity, and good deeds, with the hope of gaining Allah’s acceptance and blessings.
Muslims gather in large numbers on the day of Eid al-Fitr to perform the Eid prayer, which is a significant and essential aspect of the celebration. If you are interested in learning more about the Eid al-Fitr prayer, continue reading to discover additional details and insights.
The Eid prayer, also known as Eid Salah, Salat al-Eid, or Eid al-Fitr prayer, is a significant congregational prayer that takes place on the morning of Eid al-Fitr. It is usually performed in a mosque or an open area, such as a park or a stadium.
The prayer consists of two units (rakat) followed by a sermon (khutbah). It is unique and different from other prayers, as it has two sections with extra takbeers in each one: either six or twelve altogether. The first section involves seven takbeers, while the second section has five takbeers.
The time for Eid prayer begins from the sunrise of Eid day and continues until mid-day (Zawal time). During this period, Muslims can offer the Eid prayer at any time. The prayer for breaking the fast, or the Eid prayer, is an essential part of the Eid al-Fitr celebrations for Muslims. It symbolizes the end of the month-long fasting period and a renewal of faith and devotion to Allah.
Eid prayer significance
Eid al-Fitr prayer holds a significant place in Muslim culture for several reasons. Firstly, it is a time to express gratitude to Allah for the blessings received during Ramadan and to seek forgiveness for any shortcomings or mistakes made during the month. It is a time for personal reflection, allowing Muslims to renew their commitment to faith and righteousness.
Secondly, the prayer is a symbol of unity and brotherhood among Muslims. Muslims stand together in rows, regardless of their social or economic status, reaffirming their common bond of faith and solidarity. The sense of community and togetherness is a reminder of the importance of supporting and caring for one another.
Thirdly, the Eid al-Fitr prayer is an expression of cultural identity and tradition. Muslims worldwide celebrate Eid al-Fitr in diverse ways, reflecting their cultural backgrounds and customs. Some decorate their homes and streets with lights and lanterns, while others prepare special foods and sweets for the occasion. Despite the varying forms of celebration, the Eid al-Fitr prayer unites Muslims in a shared sense of joy and celebration.
Performing the Eid prayer
Performing the Eid prayer, also known as Eid salah, is an important part of the Eid celebrations for Muslims. Here are the steps and etiquette for offering the Eid prayer:
- make the intention of offering two wajib rakats of Eid-ul-Fitr-Salah with wajib takbeers, starting with the niyyah and reciting the Thanaa
- raise your hands to your ears and say, Allahu Akbar, marking the completion of the first takbeer
- lower your hands to the sides and recite three Subhan Allah
- perform the second and third takbeer the same way, but instead of resting your hands on the sides, tie them up on your chest
- complete your first and second rakat while listening to the Imam reciting the Surah Fatiha and another Surah. Recite the three Takbeers the same way as before, but rest your hands on your sides
- after the prayer, the Khutbah is performed. It is a part of the worship, and listening to it is Sunnah. The Imam reminds the community about their duties and commitments towards Allah, fellow Muslims, and human beings, and uplifts people to perform good deeds
It is also important to wake up early and perform ablution (wudu) or bathe, dress in your best clothes, and apply perfume if desired before attending the Eid prayer.
By following these steps and etiquette, Muslims can offer the Eid al-Fitr prayer with reverence, devotion, and participate in the celebrations of this joyous occasion.