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Updated September 2023

Dual citizenship, or the ability to hold citizenship in two different countries simultaneously, grants individuals equal rights and responsibilities in each of their respective nations. However, it’s important to note that not all countries permit their citizens to obtain dual citizenship. To do so, these nations must ratify an agreement that delineates the obligations and privileges of individuals who hold citizenship in more than one country.

For more information on countries that permit dual citizenship, continue reading as Wego has put together a comprehensive list.

Dual citizenship countries list

Nearly half of the world’s countries permit dual citizenship, but it’s essential to be aware that specific requirements may apply in certain cases. Therefore, it’s advisable to thoroughly investigate the dual citizenship conditions in both your home and second countries. Below, you’ll find a list of countries that allow dual citizenship.

Please note that the list of countries may be subject to change without prior notice.

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Dual citizenship countries in Asia

The countries in Asia that allow dual citizenship include the following:

  • Armenia. Individuals who acquire citizenship from another country are required to promptly notify the government within one month, failing which they may incur penalties.
  • Cambodia. Cambodian government officials, such as the Prime Minister and Presidents of the National Assembly, Senate, and Constitutional Council, cannot have dual citizenship.
  • East Timor
  • Iraq
  • Jordan
  • South Korea. Dual citizenship is allowed for those born to a Korean parent, married to a Korean, or with notable contributions to the country.
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lebanon
  • Pakistan. Pakistan only has dual citizenship arrangements with 21 countries
  • Philippines. The dual citizenship law permits natural-born Filipinos who become naturalized citizens of another country to retain or regain Filipino citizenship.
  • Russia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Syria
  • Taiwan
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen

Dual citizenship countries in Europe

The countries in Europe that allow dual citizenship include the following:

  • Albania
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria. Dual citizenship in Bulgaria is only allowed for native-born citizens.
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Finland
  • Germany. Dual citizenship is generally granted to children of at least one German parent, ethnic German expatriates and their families, and German citizens seeking foreign nationality, with certain exceptions.
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kosovo
  • Latvia. Citizens who hold dual nationality with a country that is not included in the permitted country list have to choose one of the nationality by the age of 25
  • Lithuania.
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Scotland
  • Serbia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain. Dual citizenship is only allowed for Spaniards origins. Foreign citizens who acquire Spain citizenship through naturalization must renounce their previous nationality.
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom

Dual citizenship countries in America

The countries in America that allow dual citizenship include the following:

  • Antigua & Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Belize
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil. Brazilian nationals can hold dual or multiple nationalities only if the additional nationality(ies) is acquired through birth in a foreign territory, foreign ancestry, or naturalization under foreign governance.
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras. Naturalized dual nationality in Honduras is permissible only with citizens of countries that have a dual nationality treaty with Honduras.
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico
  • Nicaragua. Dual citizenship is limited to other Central American countries and nations that have dual nationality agreements with Nicaragua.
  • Paraguay. Multiple nationalities are only allowed through international treaties or reciprocity of constitutional rank among the states.
  • Peru
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Dual citizenship countries in Africa

The countries in Africa that allow dual citizenship include the following:

  • Algeria
  • Angola
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic. Dual citizenship is only allowed for foreign women who marry Central African men
  • Comoros
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Eritrea
  • Equatorial Guinea. Dual citizenship only applies if there is a dual nationality agreement between Equatorial Guinea and the country in question.
  • The Gambia. Restricted to Gambian-born individuals; naturalized citizens cannot hold dual citizenship.
  • Ghana
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Mali
  • Mauritius
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Malawi. Restricted to individuals who are Malawian by birth or descent.
  • Nigeria. Naturalized Nigerians can only hold dual citizenship with their country of origin and Nigeria.
  • Namibia. Dual citizenship is only allowed for Namibian citizens by birth or by descent
  • Rwanda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Sudan
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Uganda
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Dual citizenship countries in Australia and Oceania

The countries in Australia and Oceania that allow dual citizenship include the following:

  • American Samoa
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Papua New Guinea. Dual citizenship can only be obtained with Australia, Fiji, Germany, New Zealand, Samoa, United Kingdom, United States of America, and Vanuatu.
  • Fiji
  • Nauru
  • Marshall Islands
  • Samoa
  • Tonga

Countries that do not allow dual citizenship

Dual citizenship arrangements are currently not possible for the following countries:

List of non-dual citizenship countries
  • Afghanistan
  • Andorra
  • Austria
  • Azerbajian
  • Bahrain. The Bahraini citizen who holds the nationality of one of the Member States of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf is exempted.
  • China
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Georgia
  • Guyana
  • Hong Kong
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • North Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Montenegro
  • Madagascar
  • Maldives
  • Micronesia
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia

Dual citizenship countries with the US

Dual citizenship is permitted in the United States; nevertheless, it’s important to note that not all countries permit their citizens to hold dual citizenship alongside the US. Below, you’ll find a list of countries that do recognize dual citizenship with the United States:

List of US dual citizenship countries
  • Albania
  • Angola
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Burundi
  • Cyprus
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Philipines
  • Iceland
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Kenya
  • Kosovo
  • Luxembourg
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Morocco
  • New Zealand
  • Nigeria
  • North Macedonia
  • Zambia
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tonga
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • United Kingdom
  • Cabo Verde
  • Latvia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Comoros
  • Lebanon
  • Slovakia
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Lithuania
  • Spain
  • France
  • Mozambique
  • The Czech Republic
  • Greece
  • Norway
  • Vanuatu
  • Hungary

Dual Citizenship with Canada

Canada is among the countries that support dual citizenship, which means that its citizens can still keep their Canadian citizenship while they acquire another citizenship in a different country. All of the countries that allow dual citizenship can have dual citizenship with Canada. However, the rules and regulations for dual citizenship may be varied based on the agreement between Canada and the second country.

Dual citizenship countries with India

India does not allow its citizens to have dual citizenship. However, Indian citizens who decide to migrate to another country can register for the Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI). Only people who obtain citizenship from a nation that permits dual citizenship are eligible for the OCI.

Although registered OCI will no longer have the political rights to vote or participate in the election, they will be granted several benefits, which include the following:

  • Multiple entry and multi-purpose lifelong visa to visit India
  • Exemption from reporting to police authorities for any length of stay in India
  • Parity with Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) in financial, economic and educational fields except in the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.

 

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