Bestowed with the epithet of ‘Father of the Constitution of India,’ Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a great Indian political leader, social reformer, economist, and jurist.

To recognize and respect the role of Dr. Ambedkar in India’s independence struggle, Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated across the country in his fond memory.

About Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

Dr Ambedkar was born Bhimrao Ramji Sakpal on 14 April 1891 into a Dalit family in Mhow, present-day Madhya Pradesh. He lived in difficult circumstances with his father and aunt and faced caste discrimination and inequality throughout his schooling years.

However, growing up, he proved his worth and became the only untouchable to get admission at the famous Elphinstone High School in Mumbai and, later, at the University of Bombay. He went on to complete post-grad education in economics at Columbia University and the London School of Economics.

Dr Ambedkar dedicated most of his life to opposing untouchability, the ostracism of the Dalits, and the orthodox teachings of Hindu religious leaders. He instituted the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha to provide education and socio-economic welfare to the backward classes.

After India gained independence, Dr Ambedkar helped shape the legal system as the country’s first Law Minister. He was then appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee to draft India’s Constitution.

Constitution of India

He fought to include economic and social rights for women and the representation of socially backward classes in educational institutes in the Constitution.

For his efforts toward a just and equal Indian society, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna award in 1990.

When is Ambedkar Jayanti in 2025?

Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated on 14 April every year on the occasion of his birth anniversary. It is an official public holiday across India.

Ambedkar Jayanti celebrations and tributes

The tradition of celebrating Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar’s birthday was started in Pune by Janardan Ranpise, a social activist, back in 1928, and since then, followers of Dr Ambedkar have carried this tradition forward.

On 14 April every year, several programs and events are organized by Ambedkarites, spotlighting his contribution to the upliftment of the Dalit community and his role in freeing India’s progress. People visit his statues and memorials to pay their respects to the legend. Processions are carried out at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur.

Considering Dr Ambedkar’s efforts to reduce caste-based inequalities in the country, 14 April has been declared as ‘Equality Day’ in India. The one-year period from 14 April 1990 to 14 April 1991 was observed as the “Year of Social Justice”. In 2015, the Government of India also issued ₹10 and ₹125 coins to commemorate his 125th anniversary.

Commemorative coin

Dr Ambedkar’s work has also received praise outside the country. In his honor, 14 April 2020 was observed as “Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Day of Equality” in Canada. The United Nations, too, joined the celebrations of Ambedkar Jayanti in 2016, 2017 and 2018.